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JOHN KEATS, William D. Baker. 

XOWLE— A Fantasie, C. F. Robiitson. 

















THE Dartmouth Literary Monthly 

Is published each of the nine months of the college year by a board of editors from 
the Senior and Junior classes. Its endeavor will be to represent the literary spirit of 
Dartmouth, and to incite the students to more careful and thorough work in the study 
of literature. 

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Dartmouth Literary Monthly. 

Vol. III. APRIL, 1889. No. 7. 




H. P. BLAIR, Business Manager. 


The never ending struggle of our literature to free itself from a 
false classicism, the revolt of nature against a false art, the slow 
growth of the nineteenth out of the ashes of the eighteenth century, 
are summed up in these words — from Pope to Keats. 

Alexander Pope bound English verse with a ten-linked chain, 
the merit of which was in its exquisite polish and in the charming 
tinkling of its ends. Like every one of importance in his time, he 
was a politician. He used literature as a whip, or as a text-book 
of a half-false philosophy. His translations are but wooden things 
compared with the faultless beauty of their originals. 

Such was the poetry of which Pope was the exponent, — perfect 
in form and color as a flower of glass, and as dead. It was this 
inanimate symbol that, at the word of Keats and Wordsworth and 
Shelley, was to burst into the sudden bloom and beauty of life. 
This was their task, and this, too, their miracle. 

Born of humble parents, receiving an ordinary education, John 
Keats at seventeen stumbled upon the poet Spenser. At twenty- 
three he had finished Endymion ; at twenty-five Lamia was done ; 
and at twenty-six, with no public recognition as a poet, alone in 
the world except for a single friend who soothed his last hours, he 
lay down in a foreign land to die. This is the pitifully brief story 

262 yOHIsr KEATS. 

of his life as men saw it ; but his name has grown green and blos- 
somed, and to-day it is loved wherever the English language is 
spoken, the world around. 

Keats struck the key-note of all his poetry in the first line of 
Endymion, — "A thing of beauty is a joy forever." From his first 
enraptured reading of his beloved Spenser until the day of his 
death, truth and beauty, to his far-seeing ej^es the same, were his 
sole and high ambition, his life-passion ; and in the early devel- 
opment of his genius, this trait showed itself in a marked charac- 
teristic of his verse — its sensuousness. 

Critics love to point out one great possession of our Elizabethan 
literature, — its richness, its overflowing vitality. A sentence of 
Shakspeare flashes like a jewel of many facets — with metaphors, 
allusions, adjectives that strike at the very soul of things. A lesser 
man makes a poem from one of his single, piercing substantives. 
Keats, especially in possession of this gift, was an Elizabethan born 
out of time. Add to the exquisitely sensitive soul of the man this 
fulness of life, this sheer extravagance of spiritual wealth, and you 
have explained his so called sensuousness. What is this sensuous- 
ness? Before all, it has nothing sensual about it. To the readers 
of Pope, any approach to the passion, the crying out of life, might 
seem sensuous. Keats's personifications and direct approaches to 
nature — the one never-failing beauty of Endymion — have borne 
this charge. Witness, in his later work, that lovely figure of 
Autumn, — 

" sitting careless on a granary floor, 

Thy hair soft lifted by the winnowing wind ; 
Or on a half-reaped furrow sound asleep, 

Drowsed with the fume of poppies, while thy hook 
Spares the next swath and all its twined flowers : 
And sometimes, like a gleaner, thou dost keep 

Steady thy laden head across a brook ; 

Or by a cyder-press, with patient look. 
Thou watchest the last oozings hours by hours." 

But this great interpreter of nature died at twenty-six. The fire 
of a powerful, even a riotous, imagination was burning within him. 
The love that was to make his life a stormy one was not raging 
yet, but, though hidden, must show itself in his verse. It is not 



strange that he should cry out as he did, ** O for a life of sensa- 
tions rather than of thoughts ! " 

Keats has been called a Greek, — and it is true that the Grecian 
mythology possessed a wonderful charm for him ; but it seems to 
me that he is most deeply and truly English in spirit, and that his 
Hellenism is transparent and superficial. He had never studied the 
Greek language, and his knowledge was gained from the dictiona- 
ries of mythology rather than from an acquaintance with the tongue 
itself. This much is true, that the themes of his longer poems 
are taken from the customs or legends of Greece, and that in his 
love for pure beauty he resembled the great poets of that country; 
but here the likeness ends. The central idea of Hellenic poetry, 
the eternal struggle of man against fate, except as a scholar's ex- 
ercise, cannot be transferred into a modern Christian literature. 
Again ; His treatment of the myths which he used was not Grecian ; 
and, indeed, at this point we find a great failure. Unity, perfec- 
tion of general form rather than of detail, we find neither in 
Endymion nor Hyperion. *'Endymion," says Mr. Palgrave, ''is 
an almost pathless intricacy of story, a Paradise without a plan." 
The poet was-young. His life work was finished before the age at 
which Shakspeare began his ; yet in his later and shorter work — 
in Lamia, the Eve of St. Agnes, the Odes — we find an astonishing 
growth in this respect. They are organic wholes. Detail, though 
as beautiful as ever, is subordinated to unity. 

This lavishness, almost wastefulness, of- rich detail, removes 
Keats still farther from the severity of style and substance of the 
Greeks ; and, in so far as this depends upon nature, it seems to 
me to be a distinguishing work of the poetry of this century. 

In the old mythology, nature was personified. As time went on, 
these conceptions were outgrown: nature was forgotten in these very 
symbols of herself: and then came the days of Jove and Pallas, of 
the fauns and satyrs. As an inspiration, as a part of the beauty 
and truth of things, nature was lost, or, when recognized, was alto- 
gether subordinated to human interest. It was the endeavor to 
transplant this shoot from the tree of classicism into our nineteenth 
century soil that makes the poetry of the school of Pope seem so 


insincere and hollow. But our affection for the universal mother 
is eternal ; and it is the glory of Keats and Wordsworth, that, with 
a love for her no less intense, with an insight into her open secrets 
no less profound than that of the Greeks, they felt the spirit of their 
times and gave us a truer message. Did Aurora speak to them 
less eloquently? Did Selene, the pale one, fill them less with pas- 
sion and longing? No ; but, throwing away a worn out sign-lan- 
guage, they spoke to Nature face to face. In a glance, see the 
religion, the science, and the poetry of the age ! 

The supreme art, the last divine touch in Keats, is found in what 
the Greeks would have called his simplicity. He needs no rheto- 
ric, no coloring. He feels the spirit of Nature or the thrill of an 
emotion, and, even while he is speaking, we feel it. He speaks 
directly from his imagination to our own. It is as if no words 
were there, but only ideas, — " as if Nature herself took his pen 
from him and wrote for him with her own bare, sheer, penetrating 
power." This has been urged as a proof of Keats's Hellenism ; 
but the passage quoted is from Matthew Arnold's estimate of 
Wordsworth, who was far from being a Greek. This power is 
not the possession of any single age. It is rather the last and 
highest gift of the inspired poet of all time. 

''Nature," says Mr. Everett, in "Poetry, Comedy, and Duty," 
*' is unmoral." In its lower grades self-seeking, even what in man 
would be selfishness and cruelty is the inevitable law. And he 
asserts that this is a reason for its charm over us. Bound as we 
are by ideas of right and wrong, of life that evil makes a conflict, 
a search into the hidden depths of nature, with its irresponsibility, 
with its life that is its only law, brings us a sense of peace, of re- 
freshing, of joy without a rude awakening. It is a foretaste of a 
life without sin. It seems to me that this idea, one-sided and only 
a part of the truth as it is, sheds a light over the highest success 
and the greatest limitation of Keats. " In his interpretation of 
nature," again says Mr. Arnold, " he is with Shakspeare." It is 
the spirit of Nature herself that is revealed in his magic pages. In 
a very literal sense he was her child — a part of her own essence ; 
but this brought its penalty. That loftiest task of a poet, the re- 


vealing of the beauty of human nature, of life, is inseparable from 
moral ideas. Here is responsibility ; here is life bound by eternal 
right and wrong; here is penalty. Except in his last poems, 
Keats had not grown to this height. What time might have 
brought to him we have only these few promises to shadow forth. 
But it is in these loveliest of all his works that we learn to 
do more than admire the man — to. love him. How willingly and 
irresistibly we* are drawn toward him ! Read and wonder over 
** The Eve of St. Agnes ; " read and weep with Isabella ; forget all 
else, and dream over those matchless odes, ''To a Grecian Urn" 
and " To a Nightingale ; " and at last, as he is on his way to Rome, 
tortured by love and by that disease which was eating out his life, 
friendless and homeless, at last to die, read that patient yet heart- 
broken wail, the " Sonnet to a Star," and love John Keats. 

William D. Baker, 


*' Towle ! " No response. It was the first recitation of Freshman 
year, and the sharp-eyed tutor scanned the room with a look of 
pleasant curiosity. Day after day the summons rang out " Towle ! " 
and no one responded. Finally we heard no more in that division, 
but in other recitations the professors were all calling " Towle ! " 
At the beginning of each new subject they would call the name for 
a day or two, and then, finding that they met with no response, 
would cease. 

I fell to wondering what kind of a fellow Towle was. It was 
quite a common thing for men to take their examinations and not 
join the class till late in the fall, and I was constantly expecting to 
see him with us. Was he one of the pale, thoughtful kind, or a 
brawny athlete, bound to win many victories for our class, which 
was already showing such great prowess? Could he conjugate a 
Greek verb without a trip? or was he one of those slow, blunder- 
ing men who take so long to recite, and yet often stand so high 
as royal good fellows? I did not usually pay much attention to 



the progress of a recitation in those days. I would rather spend 
my time in observation and revery. And being naturally inclined 
to fancy, the idea of Towle's personality came upon me very forci- 
bly. I would have him a fair, slight youth, with the most limpid 
of blue eyes, and brown hair w^ith just the slightest suggestion of a 
curl in it. He would be courteous and gentlemanly, but retiring. 
His friendship, once formed, would be firm till death. I almost 
imagined myself walking with him in the glorious afltumn twilight, 
and talking gaily of trivial matters. Deep in my heart I could feel 
the peace and contentment of true friendship; for he would be a 
friend to me. Of course our own ideals should be pleasing to us, and, 
conversely, we pleasing to them. And then, of course, that unoc- 
cupied room just back of mine would be the one he would have. 
It looked just like the room for him. Retiring, and lighted from 
the north, it would be a fitting place for a close student, as he would 
certainly be. Such a cosy place would be the corner near the 
stove on a winter's night ! I imagined how we would sit and chat 
by a cheerful fire, while the cold wind howled around the eaves. 

Week after week went on. It was the first day of Sophomore 
year. I had completely forgotten my reveries about my imaginary 
friend, when, as we cornmenced a subject under a new professor, 
I heard him call the familiar name " Towle ! " Those days were 
very busy, what with foot-ball rushes and other peculiar Sopho- 
moric pursuits. I had moved to a new room, and, curiously enough, 
it in turn had a vacant room beside it; and, still more curiously, 
this seemed just the room for my ideal of Towle. It was small 
and cosy, and I often visited it for its fine view over the Campus. 
All bare as it was, with a few disabled articles of furniture arranged 
around it, that room always possessed to me a peculiar personality, 
such as we often experience when we enter an apartment occupied 
by one we know well. Even the chairs, the old desk, and the 
broken-down stove seemed to be articles of unusual modesty and 
virtue. In short, that room represented to me — Towle. 

How peculiar are our half waking moments ! We think thoughts 
absurd and sublime in the same instant ; often lofty sounding words 


float through our minds, unaccompanied by thought of their sense 
or nonsense. It seems as if some of the faculties of the mind are 
more slow to awake than others, and leave their earlier arising com- 
panions to run riot in their absence. The mind works like a ma- 
chine without a fly-wheel, now fast, now slow, and now absolutely 
stopped over some unforeseen obstruction. I was in such a state 
one morning, inwardly debating the advisability of cutting chapel, 
when I heard 'a clear, cheery voice, apparently coming from the 
very air of my room. " Hullo, old fellow ! " it said ; *' you '11 have 
to wait till I materialize. I 've just been promoted for good behav- 
ior, and now have the great honor of materialization at certain 
times. We ghosts have our honors and relative standings as well as 
you poor mortals." " Who are you? " I asked, in a very composed 
manner, such as we often show when we scarcely know what we 
are doing. "I? Why, I 'm Towle's ghost," he replied. " Didn't 
you know me? Why, I 've been having the pleasantest times with 
you for the last year. Now you can see me and talk with me, 
thanks to my promotion." I now began to see a misty shape, with 
all the accompaniments of an ordinary ghost — death's head and all. 
I started, and shrank back in terror. Then I thought how it would 
hurt the feelings of the poor fellow if I showed the least repug- 
nance, — so I commenced to engage him in conversation, asking 
him about affairs in Ghostdom, and about their general customs. I 
could not tell him anything strange, because he had been from the 
first a member of our class, and had attended all the recitations 
strictly. I remarked to him that I had often noticed vacant seats 
in the rooms where we happened to be ; and he replied that he in- 
variably occupied one of them. He lamented his inability to recite, 
and said that the only trouble now would be the difficulty of mak- 
ing his hours of materialization coincide with the hours of recita- 
tion. Those hours usually came in the night, and I jumped 

from my bed and rubbed my eyes to the sound of the chapel bell. 
No ghost was to be seen. 

That day I happened to stroll into the vacant room to watch a 
particularly interesting game of tennis that was going on. Lying 
on the battered table was a local paper of the year before, wrinkled 


by exposure to moisture, and coated with dust. I picked it up at 
random, and, guided by some mysterious influence, my eye fell on 
the following notice : 

Died in Weston, August 27, Benjamin I. Towie, aged 18 years, 2 months. He was a 
graduate of Weston academy, and had taken his entrance examinations to Stonehenge 
University. All his acquaintances mourn sincerely a youth of great promise. 

So there was a Towle, and he had intended to come to this very 
university — in fact, had been here to take his examinations. How 
hard it was for him to die and give up the brilliant future that 
he doubtless anticipated ! What wonder if his gentle spirit did in- 
habit the scenes of his anticipated honors ! 

We were half through Junior year. Our annual banquet had 
been held the night before. Yet through it all ran an under- 
current of sorrow, for our class had just lost by death one of its 
brightest members, loved and admired by us all. At such times 
the spiritual world seems nearer to us, as our thoughts are drawn 
upward by thoughts of dear friends who perhaps already know 
the secrets that are hidden from our eyes. I sat in the Latin reci- 
tation, thinking of this. I was tired after the banquet, and leaned 
my head into a friendly corner. By degrees there dawned upon 
my eyes the figure of my friend Towle, seated just a few settees in 
front of me. He gazed upon a book in rapt attention, now and 
then scanning the venerable professor with a look of reverence, as 
one whose spirit so kind and gentle was far above him. Evident- 
ly I was the only one who saw the apparition. At last his hour of 
materialization coincided with the recitation. The professor was 
deeply engaged in some philosophical question raised by the pas- 
sage, but soon he looked up to call my name. I arose and recit- 
ed. Then I sat down. "Towle!" was the next name called. 
The cold gray eyes of the instructor glanced around the room, 

and he called another name. I saw Towle no more ; nor was 

his name called again during our course. But I have no doubt he 
graduated with our class, and now holds a high position in Ghost- 

C. F. Robinson. 



When the sun's warm tints are glowing, 
O'er the fields their splendor throwing, — 
When the world awakes to song, 
And the day is never long, — 
Hold the distaff firmly then ! 
Clotho, guard the weal of men ! 

When the fibres fast are flying, 
Forming knots there 's no untying; 
In the surging noon-day life 
On the broad, sweet field of strife, — 
Fair Lachesis, strengthen me ! 
Let thy spinning careful be ! 

When the shadows, darkly lying, 
Tell that day and song are dying ; 
In December's snowy swoon. 
While I build as I have hewn, — 
Atropos, when joy has fled. 
Haste to cut the weakened thread ! 

C. G, E. 


As one approaches the coast of Maine from the sea, the first 
glimpse of land which he catches is the full, blue outline of a 
mountain, rising gracefully, as it were, out of the very waves. 
As he comes nearer, however, the picturesque line of the coast, 
stretching away in either direction, becomes visible, and the 
mountain, gradually receding into the interior, stands forth, a 
majestic but kindly form, giving character and reputation to all 
the surrounding country, even as it once did a name. 

How many have been the sailors who, returning from a long, 
rough voyage, or rejoicing in a quick and prosperous passage, 
have blessed from their inmost souls that protecting, benevolent 
figure, — the sign to them that at last their troubles were at an 
end, or the sweet assurance of continued prosperity ! And by the 
inhabitants of the land for miles around, its stately and inspiring 


form is almost equally beloved and revered. Indeed, ever since 
the time that Sebastian Cabot first explored the coast in 1498, 
Agamenticus has had no lack of devoted friends and admirers, 
both on land and sea. 

Afterwards there came other explorers, who were all attracted 
by the beauty of the landscape and the air of friendliness which 
the mountain and the country around seemed to wear. At length 
a colony was founded between the mountain and the sea, and the 
kindly form rising above it seemed to ofl?er it protection from all 
the evils that attend the settlers of a new country. Under this 
hospitable shelter the place grew and prospered ; was named for 
the mountain, '^Agamenticus ;" and did in truth seem to enjoy a 
remarkable freedom from attacks by the Indians and other serious 
calamities. But, at length, owing to its location on the coast, it 
came to be infested with smugglers, pirates, and outcasts of every 
nation. They established a place of meeting on the outskirts of 
the village, in a building called the " Round Barn." Here, led by 
a desperado called *' King Charles," they held carousals of the 
worst description, especially Sundays, with the most awful blas- 
phemies and mockeries of all that is good and holy. The honest 
people began to despair, and to believe that the good fortune that 
had always attended the place had now deserted it. But not so. 
At this crisis there appeared a man of the most noble character, 
fearless and determined, as pastor of the Agamenticus church. 

Parson Moody was just the man for the place. Deeply settled 
in his convictions, tireless in carrying them out, whole-souled, 
generous, and free to acknowledge his own faults, he could not fail 
to reach the people with whom he had to do. None of his hearers 
were allowed to sleep in church. All had to listen to what he had 
to say. On one occasion, when he discovered a sleeper among 
his congregation, he stopped suddenly and cried ** Fire!" at the 
top of his voice. *' Where? " inquired the dreamer, starting up. 
** In hell — for sleepers !" was the reply. 

But even this strong-minded man was at times deeply discour- 
aged by the task he had undertaken ; and at such times he would 
retire upon the mountain, commune with God and nature, and 


obtain strength for his coming duties. Then he would return, 
with soul uplifted and strengthened, to enter anew upon his mighty 
warfare. In this way the old mountain still remained faithful in 
the watch over the people given into its protection, and, at length, 
by its aid the good old parson overcame the enemy. " King 
Charles " himself was converted, the carousals were broken up, 
and the " Round Barn " was turned into a meeting-house. 

But one day trouble came upon Parson Moody and his family. 
His only son was a promising lad, beloved by everybody in the 
little village. This boy had a most intimate friend — a son ot 
Abram and Sarah Preble, two of the parson's best parishioners. 
They seemed to sympathize thoroughly with each other in every 
way ; were always together, and formed plans how they would 
go to college, study, and become ministers together. One day, 
however, as they were out in a boat, by the accidental discharge 
of a gun the parson's boy shot young Preble dead, and his body 
was lost overboard into the waves. Filled with the most awful 
grief and remorse for this deed, he hastened away, would show 
himself to nobody, and at last mysteriously disappeared. But 
even in these trying circumstances the mountain did not desert 
its friends. The boy wandered thither, led by some impulse, 
and in this solitary and soul-inspiring spot his thoughts were 
turned away from himself to the Father above who watches 
over all. Here, soothed by the mountain's grand but gentle 
influence, he was found praying, and his reason saved. As 
it was, he never could entirely recover from the shock, — and 
when, years after, he lost the beautiful wife he had but lately 
married, his reason almost gave way a second time. Again he 
repaired to the mountain and prayed, and again obtained relief. 
From this time on, however, he shunned society, and utterly 
refused ever to show his countenance to the world again. For 
this purpose he ever after wore a handkerchief tied over his face, 
and was thenceforth known as '' Handkerchief Moody." 

He gave up all thoughts of becoming a minister at this time, 
although already fitted for that profession. His father, however, 
had his heart set upon his son's entering this work, and determined 


to prevent him from wasting his life in useless mourning. Accord- 
ingly one Sunday morning he prevailed upon him to go into the 
Agamenticus pulpit and lead the services until he himself should 
come and deliver the sermon. But the time passed, and Parson 
Moody came not. So, at last, the opening services being finished, 
the young man was obliged to deliver an extemporaneous ser- 
mon. This he did, with such tenderness and manly eloquence that 
the people immediately urged him to become pastor of the new 
church, whose place of meeting was to be the old " Round Barn." 
He finally accepted, and thereafter led a useful and successful 
life. But he always persisted in keeping his countenance veiled, 
except in prayer. 

Many years afterwards the old church still stood, and across 
the road was the cemetery, containing many quaint inscriptions, 
such as the following, which is over the grave of an infant daugh- 
ter of Parson Moody : 









Lucy Moody 

w^ho was born and died the 

5 DAY OF July 1703 



death, coronation, 

All in one day may have their 


It was such a romantic spot as is dear to the hearts of authors, 
many of whom have written about it. Its original name furnishes 
the title of a most entertaining little volume by E. P. Tenney, in 


which are collected many of the old legends which attach to the 
place. Its quaint characters and suggestive surroundings have 
formed the material for many a beautiful description or story from 
the pen of so well known an authoress as Sarah Orne Jewett. 
And even the great Hawthorne made use of the story of" Hand- 
kerchief" Moody as a foundation for one of his "Twice told 
Tales,"—" The Minister's Black Veil." 

But, alas ! so perfect a retreat could not endure forever. The 
industr}^ of these later days has at last overcome even the moun- 
tain's untiring watchfulness. A railroad has pushed its way into 
the town, and ere long the historic settlement will be only one 
more added to the list of our busy New England villages. But, 
as we sadly lift our eyes, behold, there in the back-ground still 
towers the old mountain, grand and beautiful as ever, reminding 
us that it, at least, will never change, and that it will still continue 
its fatherly protection over all the adjacent country. May a kind 
Heaven bless and prosper thee, dear old Agamenticus I 



How rarely is human nature content ! Morning may find us in 
the borderland, but the day duty forbids an entrance, and evening 
clouds the way. In March we look for April showers, in April 
for sunny May, and bright days of the changing year are away 
while we look from the window with peevish fretting. Spring in 
April is the outline of the perfect vernal picture ; but there are 
beauties of contour as of shaded finish. April, with her laughing 
and frowning, does not bring an offering to your door like May, 
for the last frosty shackle of winter is not yet broken. Still nature 
is astir, and life is mounting up through each branch and tendril. 
It is time to put away that pale face with the snow ; — delay, and 
she will have her year task well under way before you. 

Spring is waiting just outside your gate to greet you. Do not 
wait until afternoon before you take your walk among the hills, — 
for if you do, you will come too late for the feast, and find but 


scattered crumbs of nature's banquet. The table is set in morn- 
ing's candle-light, the rising sun grants a blessing, and the boun- 
ties are dispensed with the music of many an early songster. The 
afternoon is as the dim twilight compared with the fresh morning 
air of an April day. You will never catch cold in the morning. 
I have sometimes wondered if there are two kinds of dew, — one 
for morning, and another for evening, — or what the magic change 
in the night hours. 

The April sun shines more golden than that of May, the sky is 
bluer, the air is fresher, and bears good cheer for a weary head 
and heart. One always remembers such walks. Nature is as 
ready a teacher in April as when summer has come with fairest 
flowers, but she requires a more attentive pupil. The mind is 
more active than in the warmer days to come. 

Such a ramble called me from my study a few days ago. Wan- 
dering from my door before sunrise, I went " across lots," and, 
falling in with a welcome wood-road, pushed away up the hill. A 
few squirrels are out, whose winter stock of food has failed. They 
look at me suspiciously, as though thinking that I too were in 
search of an acorn under the snow. A flock of black-birds, with 
their sleek coats and yellow bills, flit about, and, alighting on a 
nearer tree, seem to be confiding mighty secrets. I see, also, the 
thicket-loving bluebirds, the cheerful song-sparrow, and a gold- 
finch with prettier plumage but less merry song. Many other 
feathered folk I see, and wish I knew more about them. 

There was rain in the night, and large drops still hang to the 
catkins, mulleins, and yellow fringes of the witch-hazel. In each 
the sunlight paints the eternal promise to men. The little brook, 
which murmurs so low in the summer, glad that winter's sleep is 
over, is in a hurry, as if it were behind time in its task and must 
away. A sorry looking fern pushes up through a rock crevice, not 
expecting to grow much until the frost has made the rock into soil. 

The morning air is misty, but there are sounds of summer. The 
low horizon-clinging clouds seem to be gently touching the hem- 
lock tops, as if to awaken them from their winter rest. Below in 
the valley's shadow the lake has not yet felt the warm rays ; and 


beyond, the eye finds a pinnacle yet purely white — a last monu- 
ment of winter and cold. The only green thing is the grass along 
the brook's edge ; yet now you can study nature's mechanism, — 
how she puts together the strong birch and maple, the bending 
willow, the uncouth hazel, and the wild vine clad in crystals of 
ice, still clinging with tender love to rock and barren oak. 

In her giving of sweetness, we of the North have a goodly share. 
The sugar-houses among our hills afford a curious study in design, 
no two alike, even to a resemblance. I stumbled upon one that 
was an old dwelling-house, put among the hills by an early settler. 
There was the typical old orchard, long untrimmed, and a portion 
of last year's fruit still hanging from the scraggly branches. There 
were traces of the old garden in an immense stone wall, a few dry 
caraway stalks, beds of tansy and peppermint, and a bunch of live- 
for-ever in the corner. One solitary sash in the chamber window, 
but the glass was broken a century ago. The inside was like any 
other sugar-house. 

I stand in the door again, after fully enjoying the bounty within, 
and see the patient oxen toiling in from the daily gathering. A 
chilly gust of wind meets me in its hurrying among the hills, 
sounding like a last dirge of winter. A few March clouds sweep 
across the sky. The birds are frightened, that heaven, which 
smiled so brightly at morning, should thus frown at noon. 

I go home glad and thoughtful. I have seen nothing strange, 
but I feel the humanity of nature's sights and sounds. These 
spring promises are as pleasant as those of friends. The youth 
time of the year bespeaks the eternity of summer. Study these 
signs from the heart of nature, and you will see things in their 
eternal relation. Where reason fails, nature will teach. When 
the mind seeks in vain, the soul may see truth. A ray of light 
divine may come, which weary thought has sought in darkness. 
God's handiwork is most perfect where man comes least, and evil 
leaves the heart that nature teaches. The perversity of human 
nature melts away in the glow of quiet emotion, and you are joy- 
ful in the presence of pure creation. The eternal soul meets 
eternal love, and life is new. O. S. Warden. 



[adapted from the reliquiae antiquae by f. p. e.] 

To one who is so fair and bright, 

velut maris Stella, 
Brighter than the day is light, 

parens et puella; 
I cry to thee, Look thou on me. 
Lady, pray thy Son for me, 

tarn pia, 
Th^ I at last may come to thee, 


This whole world was all forlorn, 

Eva peccatrice. 
Till our Lord to it was born 

de te genitrice. 
With His coming went away 
The dark night, and came the day, 

salutis ; 
His warning call we must obey 

virtutis. < 

Lady, flower of everything, 

rosa sine spina, 
"Who borest Jesus, Heaven's King, 

gratia divina ; 
Of all our love thou bear'st the prize. 
Lady, queen of paradise! 

electa ; 
Maiden mild, a mother art 


Of all advisers thou art best, 

felix faecundata. 
For all the weary thou has rest, 

Mater honorata. 
Beseech Him with an earnest prayer, 
That for us all His blood shed there 

in cruce ; 
That we above may meet with Him 

in luce. 

Well He knows He is thy child, 

ventre quem portasti. 
He'll not refuse His mother mild, 

parvum quem lactasti ; 
Most surely will He grant thee this. 
Who has brought us to His bliss, 

And has forever closed the pit 


The Chair. 

College discipline to-day involves some questions of circum- 
stance and development which almost baffle decision. Whether 
a college student shall be considered a school-boy and subject 
to stringent rules, or a man and free to do as he pleases, are 
questions which do not admit of easy solution. More difficult still 
are differences which arise in a compromise, varying more or less 
toward either extreme. Many men, however, in these later days, 
seem to enter college and govern their action more by what may 
be their own idea of discipline, than in view of actual college rules. 
They seem to lose sight of the fact that a requirement is void 
unless obeyed, and expect to break rules without punishment. 
When a matter of discipline comes up, we very naturally allow 
personal feeling to enter, and look at the case from any but a col- 
lege stand-point. A student disobeys, and the penalty comes. 
We feel a friendly sympathy, — and- no manlier quality exists 
among us, — but we ought not to expect a faculty, whose duty it is 
to preserve the dignity of college law, to entertain the same sym- 
pathy as a class-mate ; nor yet, if such a feeling does exist, to 
exercise it in the defeat of proper penalty for offence. Our sym- 
pathy should be tempered by manliness, — and by manliness we 
mean, not so much a dogged courage to do or not to do, as a 
thoughtful judgment in considering college matters. The govern- 
ment of any institution must involve mistakes, but the great 
trouble seems to be that a spirit exists which refuses to give credit 
where credit is due, and a tendency to resist all attempts at con- 
trol as an encroachment upon personal rights. When the stu- 
dent learns to accept just penalty, there will be fewer cases ot 
wrong, and more chance of adjustment when it arises.' Doubt- 
less we have many demands yet to make, and these are days of 
change, but we shall gain little by hostility to proper restraint or 


When we wrote our last editorial to you, '91, urging you to 
show more spirit in competition, we thought to say no more. But 
circumstances alter cases. You have not seemed to become awak- 
ened from your inaction, or else there is a lack of interest among 
you for literary work. There will be three vacant places at the 
end of this year which belong to you, but these places cannot be 
filled unless three men show us that they are competent to do the 
work. We would not assume a dictatorial attitude, but simply 
point out the fact plainly that the positions are yours, but that they 
cannot be filled unless fair competition merits a choice. The time 
is not long before May 20, and we wish it might be improved. 
As many editors, not exceeding three, will be chosen at that time 
as have shown themselves worthy. Articles to be published in 
any number must be in our hands as early as the 20th of the pre- 
vious month. 

No one interested in our ball team, and who has followed their 
training from day to day through the winter, can have failed to 
mark a regularity of work which has not characterized previous 
years. Whether this is due to the new cage, or to some other rea- 
son, it certainly deserves praise. Beginning before the ist of Febru- 
ary, almost every man has been in daily attendance for two hours' 
practice. Whatever be the result of the championship season, 
such work deserves liberal support at the hands of every man who 
can see his way clear to give. A college should always attach its 
approval to hard work rather than to results. The faithfulness of 
the former is almost absolute surety for the latter. If the good 
work in the cage is followed by faithful campus practice, we need 
not fear. 

A few days ago our attention was called to the fact that several 
of the singing-books in the senior chapel seats were already show- 
ing signs of wear, and in several the bindings were broken. As 
they have only been in use two years this seems hardly necessary. 
Why there appears an innate desire in some men, who are careful 


enough of their own belongings, carelessly to treat college prop- 
erty, is a question difficult to answer, except through a certain 
perversity of human nature, or a tendency to improper exercise 
of will power. Nearly every student shows the building proper 
respect, which makes the exception more noticeable and blamable. 

It is a pleasure to the board to announce the election of C. A. 
Perkins, '90, as assistant business manager for the remainder of 
this year, and business manager of next year's *' Lit." The 
change in time of election is made on account of the almost 
absolute necessity of experience for the successful manageijient of 
a college journal. 

As the end of the college year approaches, we call attention 
again to the Baker prize of $100 for the best Dartmouth song, 
open to students and alumni. This, as you will remember, was 
not awarded last year, through lack of competition. Such a thing 
should not happen again. The time of award is Commencement 

The next " Lit." lecture will be given Tuesday evening, April 
23, by Dr. John Ordronaux, LL. D., Class of '50, Lecturer on 
Medical Jurisprudence in Boston University, Columbia, and Dart- 
mouth. His subject will be, — '* Corporations as the Great Com- 
mercial Force in Modern Times." 

The Mail-Bag. 

Students and Alumni are earnestly requested to contribute to this department letters bearing upon 
the interests and -welfare of the college. The restriction holds good ^ however^ that the editors do not 
necessarily endorse all views hereitt expressed. 

Editors of the Da7'tmouth Literary Monthly : 

Why should the college church be sectarian? However start- 
ling this query may seem to the alumni and students of Dart- 
mouth, it is a question which presses for an answer. Nor is it 
easy to give a satisfactory reason for the continuance of religious 
sectarianism here. Nothing in the charter of the college indicates 
that it was intended to be sectarian. It has become so in spite of 
the charter, and not because of any of its provisions. Owing to the 
fact that the dominant sect in New Hampshire was orthodox at the 
time when the college was adolescent, the orthodox faith became 
the college faith. At that time the students were nearly all resi- 
dents of New Hampshire, and it was not inappropriate nor sur- 
prising that the state college should be distinctively of the state 

In the process of time the drift of religious thought has mate- 
rially changed. The Baptists, Methodists, Unitarians, and Epis- 
copalians are now numerous and powerful sects, and young men 
of all these different denominations go up to Hanover for a liberal 
education. But they find there no change corresponding to that 
which has taken place in the state during the past century. The 
same unchangeable doctrines are preached on every Sunday of 
every year. Changes there have been, and many, in the manner 
of teaching the classics, in mathematics, and in the other sciences. 
The tutors and professors of fifty years since would make sorry 
figures in this year of grace, so well has the scholastic side of the 
college kept pace with the advance in the world's thought. But 
in the college pulpit everything is as of yore. 


The natural result is to make the intelligent student, of what- 
ever faith, dissatisfied with his college. He is told that he must 
prove everything in the line of his secular studies by the rule of 
modern thought, and is urged to benefit by the many discoveries 
made in the past. He must carefully compare the various hy- 
potheses put forward by one and another school of scientists, thus 
becoming familiar with the distinctive traits of each system. By 
weighing the arguments for and against them, he is far better able 
to appreciate ultimate results. His college course is eclectic, and 
tends to make him an independent thinker on scientific subjects. 
Why should not similar advantages be given him in religion? 
Why should he be led along the same path that his grandfather 
trod — a path walled in by insurmountable barriers ? Why should 
not the light of modern biblical exegesis be thrown upon him? 
Why should the religious instruction given him upon the first day 
of the week be less comprehensive than the secular instruction 
afforded him in the other six days ? Most of our colleges are like 
Dartmouth, undeniably sectarian. Whatever the dominating faith, 
the same rule of exclusion obtains. Only one kind of religion is 
given a hearing in the college pulpit. 

Thus the student finds himself at the end of his four years 
course a one-sided man, a provincial of the provincials, so far as 
knowledge of other faiths, or ability to combat them, is concerned. 
How much better to have had his faith fortified by knowledge, by 
comparison with other faiths, by conflict and argument ! 

The native population of New Hampshire is steadily growing 
less from year to year, — so that the college must needs depend 
more and more upon other states to furnish it with students. 
Many of the graduates of the college, natives of this state, follow- 
ing the illustrious example of its greatest son, have found New 
Hampshire a good state to emigrate from, and Dartmouth grad- 
uates are scattered over the whole country, while Dartmouth 
alumni associations exist in most of the great cities of the Union. 

lu these days of many colleges, when each month chronicles 
the endowment of some new university, it is highly important to 
the welfare of old Dartmouth that her alumni should be kept loyal 


to their Alma Mater. Many of them belong to other sects than 
that whose tenets hold sway in the college pulpit ; and a wide- 
spread feeling undoubtedly exists that the theology of our college 
is unnecessarily narrow, lacking the breadth so characteristic of 
its science and literature. This belief is often strong enough to 
influence fathers against sending their sons, and teachers their 
pupils, to Dartmouth. How much longer must the present policy 
of exclusion be continued before the college will be compelled to 
give up its work altogether from lack of patrons and endowment? 
Is it not well for the trustees to bethink themselves in time of 
trying the plan of having leading divines from the various denom- 
inations officiate in turn at the college church, thus putting the 
whole matter of religion upon a broad and liberal foundation? 
Cornell and Harvard have both adopted this plan, and with 
most successful results. It is found that attendance upon college 
services has become much more general, and that a very marked 
improvement has taken place in the general moral tone of the col- 
leges. An earnest and interested attention has taken the place of 
the listlessness so characteristic of a student congregation. Nor do 
the students confine themselves to being good listeners at church. 
An added interest is shown in the prayer-meetings and the Sun- 
day-school work ; and something akin to a revival of religious 
enthusiasm has come about. Are we not right in believing that 
similar results would follow the adoption of a similar system at 


Wm. P. Fowler, 

By THE Way. 

How well I remember the well thumbed Life of Washington, 
which it was my delight to haul from the bookcase on rainy days ! 
I can still see the pictures of the redcoats in their high cockades, 
and the Continentals in their uniforms of blue and triangular hats. 
I remember one picture was the burial of the soldiers at night, by 
the light of torches, in the heart of the forest; another, Washing- 
ton crossing the Delaware amid floating ice, on that memorable 
night when, with ranks thinned by desertions and treachery of 
jealous officers, he, by means of a forced march, flanked Corn- 
wallis, defeating his reinforcements whilg that worthy general was 
dreaming of the death-blow he would give the upstart rebels in 
the morning. Another picture was of Mrs. Lindley Murray, who, 
knowing the temper of the English commander, sent a servant to 
invite him and his staff' to stop and take lunch, and entertained 
them so gracefully for two hours that Putnam hastened up the 
Hudson with his four thousand troops, and escaped the trap that 
had been planned for him. The winter at Valley Forge and the 
surrender of Cornwallis were other favorites of mine in this con- 
tinental gallery. 

It is justly said that our attention is too much riveted upon the 
victor at Yorktown, and too little upon the man who presided at 
that turbulent convention which met in Philadelphia, and after a 
four months session with closed doors submitted the result of 
their debates, which had been sometimes stormy, even violent ; 
the man who, when the chance of union tottered in the balance, 
threw all the weight of his pure and mighty influence upon the 
side of a stronger centralized government, and who, during its 
ratification by the states, stood with all his loftiness of character 
for its adoption ; and finally, when he had been chosen unan- 
imously by the convention to lead the country in the first years of 

284 . BY THE WAY. 

the new government, we see in him the same moderateness of tem- 
per and fixity of determination that marked the victor of Trenton. 

In these days of gigantic enterprises and feverish competition, 
when we are slicing through isthmuses with ship canals, when 
the wheat of our western prairies is so great in quantity, and 
transportation so low that it can be carried two thousand miles by 
land, three thousand by water, and put in successful competi- 
tion with the same products in the markets of the world ; in this 
day of natural gas, of torpedo boats, and of the electric motor, 
when inventions multiply every hour, when millions of capital 
are launched in enterprises, when in our own country four new 
states have recently been cut from a territory where growing 
wealth and increasing immigration give promise of unparalleled 
prosperity in the near future, — in the midst of all these evidences 
of a growth and development never before equalled, and in our 
own haste to be rich, we are prone to belittle, or to forget entirely, 
the extent of the services of those to whom we owe our existence as 
a nation. We rejoice in our own strength to-day. We have come 
to believe that the veneration with which the names of these found- 
ers are mentioned is not more than half deserved, that to revere 
them is rather an "amiable eccentricity " than a duty, and that 
the halo of glory that surrounds them must surely fade in time. 

On the 30th of this month loyal citizens throughout our land 
will take part in the centennial celebration of the inauguration of 
George Washington as President of the United States. There 
should be a general thanksgiving that in our struggling infancy, 
when the thirteen colonies dared not dream of an expansion such 
as we present to-day, in the hour of need and the day of trial, 
there appeared this pure and lofty soul, burning with patriotism, 
then to lead us, and to-day to stand forth as a model of polit- 
ical integrity and patriotic zeal. 

We must step out of the heated atmosphere of to-day into that of 

BY THE WAY. . 285 

the time when people were unable to picture to themselves what 
liberty meant, when through fear men opposed whatever be- 
tokened change, when local interests clashed in every reform pro- 
posed, when it could be most truly said that they were times that 
tried men's souls ; — we must surround ourselves with these events 
if we would appreciate the situation of those who ushered in our 
present system of government a century ago. 

I cannot forbear quoting that familiar tribute paid to our great 
commander by the warm-hearted Thackeray in his Virginians : 

'' What a constancy, what a magnanimity, what a surprising per- 
sistence against fortune ! Calm in the midst of conspiracy ; serene 
against the open foe before him and the darker enemies at his 
back ; Washington inspiring order and spirit into troops hungry 
and in rags ; stung by ingratitude, but betraying no anger, and 
ever ready to forgive ; in defeat invincible, magnanimous in con- 
quest, and never so sublime as on that day when he laid down 
his victorious sword and sought his noble retirement, — here indeed 
is a character to admire, a life without a stain, a fame without a 

Is it sentiment, joy, or pride, that with moist eyes we read how 
on that April morning, a century ago, there stepped from the 
doors of Federal Hall, at the corner of Wall and Nassau streets, 
a stalwart figure, '* and as the hero appeared thousands of cocked 
hats were waved, while ladies fluttered their white handkerchiefs? 
For a moment all were hushed in deepest silence, while the Sec- 
retary of State held forth the Bible upon a velvet cushion and 
Chancellor Livingston administered the oath of office. Then, 
before Washington had yet raised his head, Livingston shouted, 
and from all the vast company came answering shouts, ' Long 
live George Washington, President of the United States ! '" 

286 BY THE WAY. 

It seems to me that no other habit in college life has grown to 
be so pernicious as that of indiscriminate praise. We form a kind 
of mutual admiration society, in which one is afraid to demur from 
the general body for fear of retaliation being visited upon him. 
That which I have particularly marked of late might almost be 
called gush of a very pronounced kind. After having acquitted 
himself creditably, nothing so unfits one for work or so paralyzes 
effort as to be pampered and flattered beyond all due merit by 
admiring friends. Few are proof against such opiate, which 
makes one insensible to his own imperfections, and conscious only 
of the exaggerated proportions which sober judgment would tell 
him were distorted. In whatever enterprise we engage, the judg- 
ment of our friends as to our success or failure is least of all to be 
trusted, partly because of prejudice and partly because of incom- 
petency to judge fairly. And when, as I am sure we often find 
it, it is reduced to a systematic exchange of courtesies, it is time 
for us to sober our enthusiasm and applaud more considerately. 
It is pleasant while it lasts, but, like every artificial stimulus, it 
awakens an appetite which grows with amazing swiftness, and 
which makes its victims the most uncompanionable beings in the 
world. " One lively foe is a better tonic than a score of phleg- 
matic or enthusiastic friends. A man could afford to keep one or 
two of them on good pay. They will show him his failings under 
a powerful lense, though it may be a chromatic and eccentric — 
a burning lense that makes a hot spot, but not a consuming fire." 

Nothing is so repulsive to good taste as this nauseating drivel of 
over-praise. If a man have a pleasing talent for declamation, and 
entertains us, he is sure to be praised beyond all due ; if he be a 
clever versifier, the same result follows ; if he pay his debts, 
some enthusiastic friend will declare him a great financier, the 
budding secretary of the treasury. 

What we want is to have this sickly and unnatural tendency, 
this praise-dropsy, checked and lifted into a more healthful state. 

Although "The greatest efforts of the race have always been 
traceable to the love of praise," it is to the love of a just and dis- 
criminating praise, one that carries with it authority, and not to a 
lavish and indiscriminate flattery. 



I thought that when I asked my love 

If she my wife would be, 
Her sparkling eyes and modest glance 

Would give the " Yes" to me ; 
And then we 'd seal it with a kiss, 

(That good, old-fashioned way, 
Although there 's need of stronger bars 

Ere love will captive stay) 
That next day to my rival I 

Might throw a proud "Ah, ha! " — 
She did not do it : she appealed 

The case to her papa. 


fayrest One, with softe darke Eyes, 
And Hayre all raven blacke. 

With rosie Lippes, in sweete Surprise, 
Smilinge their answer backe, 

1 '11 love Thee whether far or neare. 

In Summer, Spring, or Fall; 
And, Marry, if you love me, Deare, 
Why, saye soe, y* is all. 


C. F. Robinson. 

Crayon Bleu 

Fair Provence is indeed "the land of lute and rose." With King John and his England 
we associate little beside cowardice and cruelty, and old Spain is the true home of romance 
and song. We could listen to Irving's weird tales of the Alhambra, and never tire, or pore 
over the delightful annals of his venerable Agapida with unceasing interest. One glance at 
the mazes of pattern and wealth of color which are reproduced in plates of the Alhambra 
awakens our curiosity to know more of its builders and defenders; an hour with Irving, 
and we are delighted ; a half-hour with Moorish ballads, and our enthusiasm knows no 
bounds. One of the most interesting portions of a nation's literature is its ballads. They 
are the simple expression of the spirit of their time. They are popular, and therefore of 
the greatest significance. They often come down to us from the shadowed years, burdened 
with romance and adventure, to tell us that long ago fidelity and heroism were prized as 
highly as with us to-day. 

Among the most charming of all ballads, excepting the English, are those connected 
with the names of Bernardo del Carpio and the Cid, or with the struggle for supremacy 
between the Christians and Moors in Spain. All the grace and glory of courts and princes, 
the grimness of external wars and internal feuds, together with a touch of that license 
which was characteristic of the age and people, are here. And if imagination will picture 
the environment in which these old stories were sung and told, we know of no more de- 
lightful way of spending a leisure hour than among these simple verses, which have just 
been set out in so beautiful a dress by the Messrs. Putnam. Mr. Lockhart selected and 
translated a little more than fifty of the hundreds of early Spanish ballads, and prefaced 
each with a short sketch of the events which it describes, dividing them into the classes, 
Historical, Moorish, and Romantic. 

" Knickerbocker Nuggets " is destined to become a synonym for perfection in dainty 
book-making, and Spanish Ballads'^ is the gem of the series. Lang must add another name 
to the " Aldines, Bodonis, Elzevirs," of his Ballade of the Book-Hunter. Size, shape, illus- 
trations, richness of paper, and elegance of type combine with the delicious subject-matter 
to make Spanish Ballads a beautiful book. 

Another of the " Knickerbocker Nuggets," hardly less beautiful than the Spanish Ballads, 
is Aesop's Fables. ^ One never tires of re-reading Aesop. His homely stories illustrate 
some new phase of our experience every time we run them over. We find ourselves in 
them, and therefore they seem destined to live as long as men work, succeed, and fail. 
They are sharp, vigorous, wholesome. There is no better illustration of the distinction 
between sincere and effective preaching of manly, honest things, and a foolish moral prat- 

J Ancient Spanish Ballads^ Historical and Romantic. Translated by J. G. Lockhart. Illustrated. 
New York and London : G. P. Putnam's Sons. In "Knickerbocker Nuggets." ^1.50. 

2 Aesop's Fables, Chiefly from Original Sources, by Rev. Thomas James. Illustrated. New York 
and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. ^i.oo. 


ing, than are the fables of Aesop. Add to this the strange life and tragic death of this 
father of fable, and we have a strong testimony to the vitality of truth over the power alike 
of jealous Delphians and remorseless Time. The volume is completely indexed and illus- 
trated, and is the most desirable edition of Aesop we have ever seen. 

Mediaeval France * has conceded preeminence as a land of romance and romantic deeds. 
There was the home of the Chanson writers and the Troubadours; there feudalism and 
chivalry attained their greatest splendor and influence ; and there the Crusades obtained 
their chief support and left their deepest impressions. With this in mind, we look for 
something more in this " Story " of Mediaeval France than in the histories of other lands 
aijd other times. We expect to find a little of the romance running through it, and coming 
to the surface here and there, to lend an extra charm and readableness. Perhaps we look 
for too much of this ; at any rate, we are disappointed. Facts after facts come in their 
places — some sheer, with almost no setting. At first we are also a little disappointed that 
the story does not begin with the reign of Charlemagne, though the author may be techni- 
cally right in his explanation. Beginning with the Capetian Dynasty, he covers five centu- 
ries, showing the gradual growth of the royal power over that of the invading lords, the 
influences which led to the Crusades, and the reflex influences of the Crusades upon the 
literature of the times, and in helping to overthrow the feudal system and extend com- 
merce, and then the long struggle with England in the Hundred Years War to the close 
of the reign of Louis XII. The chapters on the reigns of Saint Louis and Louis XI are 
the most pleasing. He often turns to read the story of progress in the " social life in the 
development of commerce, industry, literature, and the fine arts," as he promises in the 
preface ; and these digressions from " the record of the battlefield, and the details of the 
treaties of peace," form the most interesting pages. The work covers a wide field, and 
is, on the whole, an admirable addition to the series. The illustrations are poor, but the 
maps and tables are valuable. S. 

With the name of Joan of Arc so many associations of heroism, tenderness, ingratitude, 
and catastrophe have, year by year, become connected, that its mere mention is enough to 
make one expectant. Her story has appealed to many writers, among whom are Schiller 
and Lamartine. The work of the former is a five-act tragedy, and that of the latter a 
brief narrative.^ As the editor truly says, in his introduction, " Lamartine's Jeanne d'Arc 
is more the work of a poet and philosopher than that of a matter-of-fact historian." It is 
simple, swift, and pathetic, like a " story from the Bible," but wonderfully beautiful. He 
calls her, not unjustly, " the inspired one, the heroine, the saint of French patriotism." 
Here we have a Frenchman treating a theme which appeals with the force of kindred 
religious ardor and bravery to his fervid soul. His admiration is contagious, and the ten- 
der and reflective mood forms a setting worthy of this sad story preserved from the 
rough, dark years of the fifteenth century. The edition is carefully printed, and very 
handy. A vocabulary is added, and idiomatic expressions are explained in foot notes. 

It is in a similar spirit that Schiller would have us approach Joan's character. To him 
she was not the foolish enthusiast, the Devil inspired, or the lunatic. She was, rather, 
a simple, generous, lofty soul. It is, therefore, with no less admiration and sympathy that 

1 The Story of Mediaeval France^ by Gustave Masson. *' The Story of the Nations.'' New York: 
G. P. Putnam's Sons. ^1.50. 

^ Jeanjte d^ Arc, hy A. de Lamartine. Edited by Albert Barriere. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co. 
1889. Paper, 30 cents. 


he draws her character in this tragedy.^ Of the play Carlyle says, — "After all objections 
have been urged, the Alaid of Orleans w\\\ remain one of the very finest of modern dramas. 
Perhaps, among all Schiller's plays, it is the one which evinces most of that quality denom- 
inated genius, in the strictest meaning of the word. The spirit of the romantic ages is here 
imaged forth ; but the whole is exalted, embellished, ennobled. It is what the critics call 
idealized." The present edition, like all the admirable series of this house, is a successful 
piece of book-making. The editing is careful and complete. 

We think of Lessing as the author of " Nathan the Wise" and " Minna von Barnhelm," 
rather than as a fabulist, critic, or theologian. To those who have read that masterpiece, 
" Nathan der Weise," a volume bearing the title Lessings Prosa will be of interest.^ The 
Fabeln and fragment of the lost Faust contained in the Siebzehnter Literaturbrief are 
worth the price of the book. The notes are quite copious. The volume itself is handy 
and attractive, and will be appreciated by lovers of the vigorous, lofty thought of this great 
German teacher and poet. 

The chief difficulty which the average college student finds in taking up the study of 
Analytic Geometry is one of method. He does not see the distinctive application of the 
analytic as manifested in the use of the equation. This difficulty is well met by Professor 
Hardy in his new work.^ Following the discussion of the straight line, the student is 
given an admirable drill in working many of the usual geometric demonstrations by the 
new method. Rectangular, oblique, and polar axes receive each their proper place, and 
the difference in their respective uses is well shown by numerous examples. R. 

Prof. Byerly's work* on the Integral Calculus, of which a new edition will be ready in 
June, is worthy to take a high rank among modern text-books for exhaustive and special 
study, although much too extensive for the usual time allowed to the study in the college 
of arts. The key to the solution of differential equations, and the table of integrals, are 
especially valuable. R. 

It may have been the beauty of the rare March afternoon, when the sunlight was pour- 
ing through the west window, that made us return so unwillingly from our ramble across 
lots 5 with Horace Lunt. But a genuine flavor of the woods and fields, perfect sympathy 
with nature even during the moods of a spring day, and closeness of observation were 
more likely the cause of the charm which we found to lie between the pretty covers of the 
little book. The sketches are all very simple, and the style is often careless, but there is 
something about the book that makes one feel the sunshine and rain of spring months, 
and the mellow distances and untold glories of autumn days. To say that the book is so 
pleasant that one could easily wish it longer, is no more than it merits, and is, in fact, all 

1 Die Jungfrau von Orleans^ von Schiller. Edited by Benj. W. Wells. Boston : D. C. Heath & 
Co., 1889. 

"^Lessing: Ausgew'dhlte Prosa und Briefe. Edited by Horatio S. White. New York and Lon- 
don : G. P. Putnam's Sons. ^t.oo. 

^Elements of Analytic Geometry. By Arthur Sherburne Hardy, Professor of Mathematics in 
Dartmouth College. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1889. ^1.40. 

* Elements of the Integral Calculus {^^zoxi(\. edition, enlarged and revised). By W. E. Byerly, 
Professor of Mathematics in Harvard University. Boston : Ginn & Co., 1889. 1^2.15. 

^> Across Lots. By Horace Lunt. Boston: D. Lothrop Co. ^1.25. 


its author desires, according to the expression of his modest preface. Across Lots is a 
thoroughly enjoyable volume. 

The second volume of Scriphcres Hebrew and Christian is the work of Prof. John P. 
Peters, and is devoted to Hebrew Literature.^ The plan of this important work is unique. 
It is an attempt, by a new translation and arrangement, to give Scripture a connected nar- 
rative form. In the present volume the history of the Jews is carried from the Exile to 
Nehemiah, and then, under Hebrew Legislation, Tales, Prophecy, Poetry, and Wisdom, 
the remainder of the Old Testament is taken up. The translations under Poetry are 
especially fine, and we notice that the CXIXth Psalm is given in the form of an acrostic. The 
great value of the volume, aside from that of a careful translation, is the placing of chap- 
ters and books in their appropriate classes. The three volumes will form, when com- 
pleted, a set to be desired by every student of Scripture. 

" History of Greek Philosophy"^ is a large title for a small volume of three hundred 
pages. But it is a solidhook. Beginning with Thales, it carries the history of Greek 
thought through Neo-Platonism, dividing the subject under three heads — Naturalism, 
Rationalism, and Supra-Rational ism. The treatment of Aristotle occupies nearly eighty 
pages. Every sentence is packed full : the book is a model of conciseness. There are 
constant references to larger works, or the writings of the philosophers themselves. An 
ideal reference-book for the student of philosophy. 

The phases of educational study are defined by W. H. Payne, in his translation of Com- 
payre's Pedagogy^ as practical, theoretical, and historical, corresponding to those of 
Ethics, if memory serves us correctly. It is under the last class that this book falls. 
Without doubt an acquaintance with the historical side of his profession is a necessity in 
these days to the pedagogue who would be thoroughly equipped. This work is exhaustive, 
gathered, necessarily, from all sources, being a history, not of education, but of pedagogy. 
With a knowledge of what pedagogy has been, theories as to what it should be may be 
more carefully formulated, and practical work conformed thereto. The book seems to 
us one of the most important which a young teacher could purchase if he intends to make 
the most complete preparation possible for his work. 

The attitude of the educated man toward politics is of vital importance. In a discus- 
sion of this topic,* Mr. Storey draws a picture of the undesirable phases of political life, and 
closes with a strong appeal for a more honest and general participation in politics by the 
educated man especially. The paper is ably handled, and well worthy the attention of 
college men. 

1 Scriptures Hebrew and Christian. By E. T. Bartlett and John P. Peters. Vol. II. Hebrew 
Literature. New York and London : G. P. Putnam's Sons. ^1.50. 

^A Brief History of Greek Philosophy. By B. C. Burt. Boston : Ginn & Co., 1889. 

3 The History of Pedagogy. By Gabriel Compayre. Translated by W. H. Payne. Boston: D. 
C. Heath & Co. ^1.60. 

* Politics as a Duty and as a Career. By Moorfield Storey. Questions of the Day, No. LVIII. 
New York and London : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1889. 25 cents. 


Much ridicule has been cast upon the so called " school of journalism " at Cornell. Just 
now an item is going the rounds to the effect that the school has been weighed !n the bal- 
ance and found wanting, in that it failed to meet a test devised by the editor of a New 
York daily. The article in the Corttell Magazine for March, upon " Cornell's New Course 
in Journalism," throws clear light upon this novel project, and makes it evident that the 
Cornell idea is not altogether visionary and impractical. Now let the " theoretical " 
enthusiasts demonstrate that their " practical " fellow-mortals have not all the wisdom as 
to the best way to attain success in this particular pursuit. The result of the experiment 
will be awaited with great interest, and sensible men will not be in haste to condemn. 

" Intercalary Days " in the same number is a story of little literary merit, though it is 
not devoid of interest. Its faults are a lack of artistic completeness in the details of the 
plot, and in one instance, at least, a crudeness of expression which borders on the vulgar. 
" The Blowing Up of the Mary Rose " can hardly be called a story, though it passes for 
such. Its historical facts, well grouped and commented upon, make it a readable article. 
" Pegasus in the Parlor " is a department, the idea of which we should like to see imitated 
by other monthlies. It seems to be designed for light verse, which is not of the quality to 
warrant its appearance in the body of the magazine. In this way the stamp of apprecia- 
tion can be put upon talent for versifying, no matter how slight that talent may be ; and 
thus an encouragement is offered for further effort. The absence of editorial departments 
seems a serious defect. An improvement in this respect we doubt not will come in course 
of time, as the Cornell Magazine is a recent arrival in the college world of letters, and must 
soon outgrow its infancy. 

The Yale Lit. deserves all the praise it receives for its admirable short articles. Many of 
our exchanges would do well to follow the example of this patriarch among the monthlies. 
"Why fill up with drivelling stories and tedious essays? Study the Yale Lit. Its short arti- 
cles, bright, unaffected, and literary in their finish, make every issue attractive. The mark 
of naturalness upon each one betokens the reserve power of the writer. No hack-work 
produced such a sketch as " Walking," in the February number : the simplest and most 
prosaic of subjects, yet it is so naturally and skilfully handled that one feels almost as 
refreshed after reading it as if he had just taken the walks described. In marked contrast 
to the preceding in thought and thought-expression, but impressive, and equally as help- 
ful, though in a different way, is another sketch, " Half- Way Places." Reveries usually are 
so much idle vaporings, but the gentle pathos and beauty of this one make it almost a prose 

The Williams Lit. for March contains no striking features, but all the articles are good, 
with the possible exception of " Undertaker Brown ;" and that is not particularly bad, but 
is, like most short stories which are not witty or humorous, lacking in interest and point. 
The verse in the number is rather graceful, especially "The Romaunt of the Rose," which 
has the advantage of a pretty poetic idea. 


The Amherst Lit. for February has one very long story and the conclusion of another, 
which we cannot summon up enough energy to read. They may be very good, but we must 
shift the responsibility of rendering a decision upon some other Exchange editor. The 
"Sketch-Book" is well filled and interesting. The ideas of our garrulous friend in the 
" Window-Seat " still flow easily, and his conversation is not so vapid as we should expect 
under the circumstances; yet we think that a " conversation department " is, after all, a 
most perilous experiment. 


She muses while the sunbeams creep 

In slanting piers of light ; 
She muses when the shadows sleep 
. About the fire at night. 

Troops of To-morrows cross her thought 

In happy Junes and Mays, 
And ghosts of dim Septembers fraught 

With kindly yesterdays. 

Hers is the Vestal's waiting air, 

The silence sweet and weird : 
More wisdom nestles in her hair 

Than crouched in Nestor's beard. 

And all her terms of nights and days 

The world's first dreamings fill, 
She moves among forgotten ways, 

Unvisited and still. 

— Yale Lit. 


When Dame Nature first came to her kingdom, 
Her subjects were not all as now ; 

The rose then had never a flower, — 
A thicket of thorns was each bough. 

'Twas the mailed knight without his fair lady; 

'T was the bitter with never a sweet ; 
'Twas the rock without its moss-cover: 

The rose-nature was all incomplete. 

But one morning a lamb in its rambles 

From the rose's green wealth stole a spray, 

And the rose-bush, with jealous thorn-fingers, 
Caught a fragment of wool in repay. 

Now it chanced that the nightingale, searching 
For something to weave in her nest, 

Spied the wool in a breath of wind stirring. 
And yet by the sharp fingers pressed. 


And the rose made the nightingale promise, 
If she yielded it out of her hand, 

With the sweetest of songs to reward her, 
As soon as she wove the last strand. 

Soon the nightingale's task was completed : 
She came her sweet pledge to fulfil. 

And a jubilant spring-song of gladness 
Rippled forth in each silvery trill. 

And the rose-bush, thrilled by the music, 
A beautiful change undergoes : 

The thorns burst their adamant prison, 
And lo ! each gives birth to a rose. 


— Williams Lit. 

I would dwell in stately halls 

Where my fathers dwelt before, — 
But the house where the poor man lived 

Is known to earth no more. 
I would walk the self-same streets 

Where my fathers once were known, — 
But the path which the wanderer trod 

Has no memorial stone. 
But I read the grand old books, 

And dream the grand old dreams. 
Till the beauty of life flashes out 

And illumines my path with its beams. 
These books are the stately halls 

Which my fathers once possessed. 
And the heritage I hold 

Is the dream within my breast ! 

— Harvard Monthly. 

Alumni Notes. 

That this department may be as interesting and valuable as possible, we solicit contributions from 
all. Items that may seem tmimportant to the contributor will no doubt carry to some readers reman- 
brances of happy but departed days. 

Among New Hampshire's representatives at President Harrison's inauguration were 
ex-Gov. Moody Currier '44, ex-Gov. B. F. Prescott '56, Senator Gilman Marston '37, and 
Hon. A. T. Batchelder '71, of Keene. 

Rev. Cyrus Richardson '65, Hon. Alvin Burleigh '71, and Rev. J. M, Button '73, were 
prominent speakers for the consti^tutional prohibition amendment in the recent New Hamp- 
shire contest. 

'32. Professor George Cooke, of Winchester, Mass., died suddenly in Florida, on Sat- 
urday, March 11, at the age of 76. He went South the i8th of February for his health, 
and it was supposed he was improving until the news of his death was received. He was 
a son of Rev. Phineas Cooke, a prominent minister of New Hampshire, and preached, him- 
self, for twelve years in the Congregational church at North Amherst, Mass. From 1852 
to 185S he was president of the East Tennessee University at Knoxville ; and afterwards 
was at the head of a young ladies' seminary at Yonkers, N. Y., and, later on, of a similar 
school at Amherst, Mass. For a time Mr. Cooke was in the bond department of the Boston 
custom-house. He has lived in retirement for several years at Winchester with his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Mary Cooke Kingsley. Mrs. Cooke died some four years ago, and Prof. Cooke's 
only son, Lieut. George Edward Cooke, of the Thirty-seventh Massachusetts Regiment, was 
mortally wounded at Spottsylvania on the 14th of May, 1864, at the point where Hancock 
made his brilliant charge, in which the lieutenant was participating. Prof. Cooke had a 
wide circle of friends, who were deeply attached to him, and who admired his characteris- 
tics as an excellent scholar and accomplished gentleman. He was secretary of the Win- 
chester Historical Society from its foundation, and accomplished much public service in 
that capacity. His death was the twenty-eighth in a class of thirty-three. The names 
not starred are Hon. Charles W. Prentiss, a lawyer of Cleveland, Ohio; Prof. Calvin Tra- 
cy, of Lansing, Mich. ; Charles Wingate, engaged in insurance business in New York 
city; and Rev. George W. Wood, D. D., a missionary at Constantinople, Turkey. Among 
the distinguished dead of this class are Prof. Daniel J. Noyes, D. D., Prof. Edwin D. San- 
born, LL. D., and Prof. Stephen Chase, A. M., of Dartmouth ; President Amos Brown of 
People's college, of New York, Attorney-General William C. Clarke of New Hampshire, 
Prof. John C. Webster of Wheaton college, Major-General Joseph D. Webster, U. S. A., 
and Hon. Sherburne B. Piper, of Lewiston, N. Y. 

'35. A fine bust of the late Rev. Charles Tenney, of Chester, has just been made by 
George W. Stevens, of Boston. 

'35. The sketch of the life and character of the late ex-Congressman Amos Tuck, of 
Exeter, N. H., recently read before the Maine Historical Society by J. W. Dearborn, 
M. D., of Parsonsfield, has been published in book form as a fitting memorial. Facing the 


title-page is a steel engraving of the deceased ; and in an appendix is a fac-simile of the 
call for a meeting of Independent Democrats, which was held in Exeter on February 22, 
1845, when Mr. Tuck and many others supported and adopted a series of resolutions in- 
dorsing the course pursued in congress by Hon. John P. Hale in opposition to slavery. 

^Tp. Senator Oilman Marston occupies rooms at the Ebbitt house at Washington. He 
has resigned his seat in the state legislature. It is said that in the late war his soldiers 
fairly worshipped Gen. Marston for his personal bravery and care over them. The story 
is well known of his refusal to allow his men to remain on board an overcrowded transport, 
even when ordered by a superior officer, for the very good reason that he had "brought 
that regiment from New Hampshire to fight, not to be drowned" — an action afterward 
sustained by Gen. Hooker. There are many other stories, such as the one of his literal 
interpretation of his tyrannical superior's orders to build a dungeon-like guard-house 
"without so much as a crack in it" (and the guard-house was built of solid logs, without 
a door or a crack to enter by) ; and of his walking along the parapet under a terrible fire 
of shot and shell, that he might inspire a wavering brigade by his own coolness. These 
and other historical narratives illustrate his superb character as a soldier. 

'39. Mr. Joseph F. Dearborn died at his residence in Melrose, Mass., Highlands, on 
March 15, after a short illness of pneumonia. He graduated at Harvard Law School, and 
practised in New Bedford several years. His health failing him, he visited Europe about 
twenty years ago, where he met and married his wife, who survives him. After his return 
from Europe, he lived in Medford for some time, and had resided in Melrose for about 
fifteen years. During the latter part of his life he had been engaged in real estate busi- 
ness, and was quite a large owner of real estate in Boston and vicinity. He was also treas- 
urer of the Vermont Slate Company. He had been a constant attendant at the Unitarian 
church, where his funeral took place on Sunday, March 17. He leaves a widow and an 
adopted child. 

'43. Hon. Harry Bingham, of Littleton, N. H., has gone to Florida for the benefit of 
his health. 

'43. Col. B. P. Cilley, of the Amoskeag Veterans of Manchester, has presented that 
organization with a picture of the battalion, taken at the tomb of Washington in 1855. 

'43. At a meeting of the Massachusetts Association of New Hampshire Veterans, held 
in Chapel Hall, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass., March 4, Col. Frank S. Fiske, of the Second 
New Hampshire Volunteers, read a very interesting paper on the " First Bull Run," paying 
particular attention to the part which his regiment, the only New Plampshire troops engaged 
took in it. He related that, contrary to general belief, the stampede in that battle was not 
total, and that many regiments, including his own, stood firm, and were at all times ready 
to do their duty. He paid a glowing tribute to General Hooker, then on the battlefield as 
a civilian, and condemned newspaper reporters who wrote highly colored stories of the 
general rout. 

'44. Ex-Congressman Daniel Hall has been appointed judge-advocate of the New 
Hampshire Grand Army of the Republic. « 

'46. S. W. Rollins has been judge of probate of Belknap county, N. H., for nearly 
twenty yaars. He is the second largest individual tax-payer in the town of Meredith, his 

'51. Ex-Governor Redfield Proctor, of Vermont, President Harrison's Secretary of War, 
was born June i, 1831, in l^roctorsville, Vt., a town founded by his grandfather, who was a 


captain under Washington. He graduated from the Albany Law School in 1859, and then 
practised two years in the office of his cousin, Judge Isaac F. Redfield '25, in Boston. He 
entered the army in June, i86t, as lieutenant in the Third Vermont Volunteers, and in the 
following October was made major of the Fifth Vermont. In 1862 he became colonel of 
the Fifteenth Vermont. For a while after leaving the army Col. Proctor practised law in 
partnership with Colonel, now Judge, Wheelock G. Veazey '59. Since 1869 ^^ has been 
engaged in the marble industry, and is now president of the Vermont Marble Company, 
the largest concern of the kind in the country. He was lieutenant-governor of Vermont 
in 1876, and governor in 1878. He was delegate-at-large to the Republican National Con- 
vention in 1884, president of the Republican State League in 1888, and chairman of the 
Vermont delegation at Chicago in 1888, where he cast her eight votes solidly and continu- 
ously for Benjamin Harrison. 

'52, '57 Med. Coll. Enoch Blanchard, M. D., of Winona, 111., died suddenly March 10. 
He was surgeon of the Seventh Vermont Regiment in the Rebellion, serving in the Gulf 
Department. He was a man of marked ability in the practice of his profession, and pos- 
sessed of large influence. 

'55. Representative Dingley, of Maine, on February 28, presented in congress a memo- 
rial adopted by the National Council of Congregational Churches of the United States for 
a constitutional amendment prohibiting the manufacture, importation, and sale of intoxi- 
cating liquors. 

'57. Corporation Counsel James B. Richardson, of Boston, recently spoke at the Boston 
Boot and Shoe Club on " The Government of Large Cities." He has recently submitted 
to the board of aldermen an interesting opinion, to the effect that the board has a legal 
right to permit the West End Railroad Company to use the overhead system of electricity 
as a motive power to operate its cars. 

'58. Hon. J. W. Fellows, of Manchester, has gone on a trip to the West. 

'59. Capt. H. B. Atherton, of Nashua, is an applicant for a consulship. 

'59 non-grad. Congressman Cogswell, who is a close friend of President Harrison, 
was prominent in the inauguration festivities. The Eighth Regiment officers, accompanied 
by the band, serenaded him, and were cordially received at his house, at 1324 L street, by 
the general and his wife. Each member of the Salem Flambeau Club and Cadet Band 
were presented by him to the president on the day after inauguration. 

'59. Judge Wheelock G. Veazey has been elected a director of the Howe Scale Com- 
pany, of Rutland, Vt. 

'60. Tuesday, March 12, Rev. Arthur Little, of Dorchester, Mass., spoke in the Lit. 
lecture course at the College church on " The Religious Elements in the Constitution of the 
United States." His lecture was intensely interesting, dealing with the sturdy religious 
faith of the Pilgrim Fathers, and its effect in bringing about religious liberty. He will 
deliver an oration in Hanover on Memorial Day. He recently spoke before the Boston 
Y. M. C. A. on "A Young Man's Outfit." 

'60. Gen. J. N. Patterson, of Concord, has been appointed private secretary to Senator 
Marston. He is recommended by the New Hampshire congressional delegation as Fifth 
Auditor of the Treasury. 

'60 Med. Coll. Dr. John G. Ladd, of Pittsfield, N. H., died Monday, March 4, aged 54. 


'61. Rev. W. W. Dow, of Portsmouth, N. H., who has been supplying the Congrega- 
tional church at Tamworth, has received a call to the pastorate of the Congregational 
church at Gilmanton. 

'61. Mayor George E. Hodgdon, of Portsmouth, N. H., is clerk and treasurer and a 
director of the new Portsmouth Horse Railroad Company. 

'61 Med. Coll. Dr. O. H. Boynton, of Lisbon, N. H., is improving in health at Southern 
Pines, Georgia. 

'61. It is our sad duty to announce the death of one of the finest of Dartmouth's alumni, 
who was stricken down in the very prime of life, with a most brilliant career open- to him 
in the future. George S. Morris, Professor of Philosophy'in the Uni-versity of Michigan, 
died at Ann Arbor, Sunday, March 24, of typhoid pneumonia. He was born in Norwich, 
Vt., in 1840. Kiitx graduation he served in the Sixteenth Vermont Regiment in i862-'63; 
was a tutor at Dartmouth in i863-'64, and afterward studied divinity at Union Theolog- 
ical Seminary. He then went to Germany to pursue historical studies. When he was 
thoroughly acquainted with German modes of thinking, he became enamoured of philos- 
ophy, and so passed into the studies that have been the chief glory of his life. In 1870 he 
accepted the chair of Modern Languages in the University of Michigan, which position 
he held till 1878. It is a notable fact that Prof. Campbell, then of the University of Min- 
nesota, now of Dartmouth, had just declined the chair which Prof. Morris accepted, and 
by the association formed a friendship which lasted till Prof. Morris's death, when both 
men held chairs of philosophy in leading colleges. While in the chair of Modern Languages, 
he completed his translation of Ueberweg's History of Philosophy, in which he was assisted 
by Pres. Porter, whose name immediately gave the book great prestige. In 1878 he was 
appointed Lecturer on Ethics, History, and Philosophy at Johns Hopkins University, 
which position he held till i88i,when he became Professor of Philosophy in the University 
of Michigan. He published the lectures he prepared fpr Johns Hopkins under the title of 
" British Thought and Thinking " — a very fresh and suggestive discussion, containing the 
most trenchant criticism of Herbert Spencer extant. He also published " Christianity and 
Philosophy," a work which took shape as a course of lectures delivered at Union Theolog- 
ical Semmary. He has been noted throughout for the able manner in which he meets the 
current scepticism of the age. Recently he has been editing a series of philosophical 
classics, published by Griggs & Co., of Chicago. In this work he was associated with such 
men as Pres. Porter and Prof. Harris, and the volumes issued have been on Hegel, Schel- 
ling, Kant, Leibnitz, etc. They are intended for a clear and succinct discussion for the 
literary world, rather than for philosophical students. Aside from this, he has organized 
a Philosophical Seminary at Ann Arbor, a number of whose papers have found their way 
to the public as pamphlets. He was a man of fine susceptibility, modest and assiduous, 
and had many friends. Lately he had taken deacon's orders in the Episcopal church, and 
had devoted much time during the past year to religious work, He may be estimated as 
a very superior man, who by his great merit had gained general recognition in philosoph- 
ical circles. He attended the quarter centennial of his class at Hanover in 1886, and 
responded to the of '61. As an instructor he was popular, bringing to his work the 
enthusiasm which always commands success. 

'62. State Senator W. E. Johnson, of Woodstock, Vt., and family, have returned from 
their trip to Florida. 

'62. Col. George Farr has been elected president of the Littleton Musical Association. 


'62 Med. Coll. Dr. John T. Wedgewood, of Cornish, Me., died May 26 of typhoid 
prteumonia. His early life was devoted to music, instrumental and vocal, and to teaching 
the latter for several years. He had a good practice, and had built up a large fortune. 
He was a member of the state legislature in 1877 and 1888, and had been the nominee of 
his party for various county offices. • 

'67 C. S. D. George B. Lane has been elected State Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion in Nebraska. 

'71. E. G. Leach is secretary of the new Fibre Moulding Company, of Concord, N. H. 
He is also a director and clerk of the New Hampshire Cattle Company, which manages a 
large cattle interest in the West. 

'71 hon. Prof. Robert Fletcher, Ph. D., of the Thayer School of Civil Engineering, has 
sent to the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., a combination model, by which the 
outline of many forms of truss may be erected so as to exhibit the transmission of the 
stresses and strains throughout. The work was done in the State College of Agriculture. 

'72. Hon. A.. S. Batchellor, of the New Hampshire governor's council, made a witty 
and spirited address at the recent banquet of the White Mountain Travellers' Association 
in Concord. 

'72. A report of the dedication exercises of the Fowler Library Building, in Concord, 
N. H., has been published in an attractive form by that city. 

'73. Rev. J. M. Button, of Great Falls, N. H., will be orator on Memorial Day at Leb- 

'74. Rev. A. F. Newton, of Marlboro', Mass., has just concluded a highly successful 
series of revival meetings, in which he was assisted by Rev. Arthur Little '60 and Rev. 
F. E. Clark '^y 

'75 C. S. D. Prof. John V. Hazen, of the Chandler School, will accompany Prof. Robert 
Fletcher '71 hon., of the Thayer School, on his proposed visit to the Paris Exposition. 
They will sail from New York May 23. returning in about six weeks. The party will con- 
sist of engineers, and will probably occupy the full cabin list of a steamer. 

'76. Wm. H. Gardiner, of Chicago, class secretary, has published an interesting book 
of sketches of the members of his class. 

'77 Agr. Coll. W. F. Flint, of Winchester, N. H., is writing for the agricultural depart- 
ment at Washington an article on the value of red and yellow pines as timber trees. 

'78. Dr. George W. McGregor, of Littleton, N. H., has been chosen president of the 
White Mountain Medical Society. 

'79. At the annual meeting of the Northern Illinois High School Teachers' Associa- 
tion, at Kewanee, 111., March 22 and 23, C. W. French, of the West Division High School, 
of Chicago, read a paper on " History in the High School." 

'79. At a recent meeting of the New Hampshire Club, Hiram D. Upton, of Manches- 
ter, emphasized the fact that the only question voted on in the recent New Hampshire 
election was the substitution of constitutional for statutory prohibition, and denied that the 
victory was for free rum. 

'80. Thos. Flint, Jr., is a member of the California state senate for a four years term. 
He represents the counties of San Benito and Monterey. He will be remembered as one 
who broke many college athletic records. 


'82, Rev. Lucien C. Kimball has resigned the pastorate of the Congregational church 
at Canterbury, N. H. 

'83. Died, March i, at Thetford, Vt., Frederick L. Coombs, of Bright's disease. By 
his college friends, Mr. Coombs will be remembered as one who won distinction on the 
base-ball diamond, playing centre field and first base. The latter position he played on 
the champion team of '83. He was also a rusher on the Rugby team. After graduation 
he taught, as principal of the high school, at Rockford, la., for two years, then served as 
superintendent of schools at Algona, la., for one year, and afterwards was principal of an 
academy at Toulon, 111. He had written many newspaper articles, and took a prominent 
part in teachers' institutes. He married Lora M. Dayton, who survives him. His death 
was very sudden, and till shortly before his last hours he seemed to be improving. 

'84. E. E. Hale is resident physician in the Homoeopathic Hospital, East Concord 
street, Boston. 

'84 and '85. Houston and Bouton graduated at Chicago Medical College March 26^ 
1889. Houston received Ingul's prize of $100 for best examinations in literature, science, 
and medicine. Bouton was class historian. Houston goes to Kankakee as assistant 
physician in the Illinois Eastern Hospital for Insane, and Bouton takes the place of resi- 
dent physician at the Cook County Hospital, Chicago, April i. 

'84. C. O. Thurston is teaching in the University School for Boys, at Baltimore, Md. 

'86. George W. Fowler has been elected a member of the Board of Education in Pem- 
broke, N. H. 
'87. Sidney Arthur is in the Cincinnati Law School. 
'87. Henry T. Lord remains in the Norwich hotel, Norwich, Vt. 

'87. E. P. Noyes is running a four hundred acre farm at Pond Run, Scioto county, 
Ohio. Orcharding and poultry-raising occupy much of his attention. 

'87. Winthrop B. Presby has commenced the practice of law at Goldendale, W. T. 
Rumor says his first retaining fee was a cool thirty dollars. 

'87. It is reported that Alexander Quackenbos, while driving from Boston to Cambridge 
recently, was thrown from his carriage and received severe contusions about the head, 
happily not of an extremely dangerous character. 

'87. F. E. Winn was in Hanover recently. 

'88. J. L. Clark is reported as about to enter a theological seminary in the fall. 

'88. W. B. Forbush has been commissioned a missionary to supply the parishes at Post 
Mills and West Fairlee Centre, Vt., until September. 

'88. N. M. Hall has recently taken charge of the editorial department of the Berkeley 
Beacon, of Boston, a monthly, published in the interests of practical Christianity. In the 
February issue he has an article entitled " Modern Saints," in praise of the city nurses. 
In a recent number of the Christian Union he has an article on " The Church Canvass."" 
He still pursues his regular course at Andover Theological Seminary. 

'88. Married, at Bristol, Saturday, March 9, Fred L. Pattee and Miss Anna L. Plumer> 
Mr. and Mrs. Pattee will stay at Lakewood, N. J., during the spring months. 


f. L. D(JNNE 

33® 'Waatolagt®®, St., ©®®t®a. 

Constantly in Receipt of tlie Latest London Novelties. 



Mr. James E. Dennison will visit Hanover regularly to take orders. 



Latest JtylBs of ^Bitts' f urnlsnings JrtrougliQUt. 

We. (ape erqerjfs t©]? fr)e J^iovep fedolr^iner fe©, 

"WE C-a.:n" G-i^vriE "^OTJ 
J^ lf®« i Fit, withcimt a Fa^ej F3ric©, 






Pinest Assortment of 

^ -^ rme Eea,,^ hATS & GAPS 

^ To be found in Ne.v Hampshire. 

Qlothing ♦ 

SenT?' FuRnisBincs 

Samples of Gents' Furnishings, etc., will be shown, and orders 

solicited at various times during" the college year, 

due notice of which will be given. 


p^Iaidg, ©he©k§, ^©., 


^ategt ^ondop) ®ffe©t§ 
John Earle & Co., 

330 Washington Street, . . . BOSTON. 
Our Mr. Smith will visit Hanover regularly to take orders. 



Ptiotoppl] * Roon^s, 

Bridgmaii' 5 New Building, 

All Work guaranteed first-class. 

The best assortment of 


ever made. 

Pictures of Dartmouth Faculty 

always on hand. 




CoflB.ns and Caskets, 

%riiig Beds, Picture Frames, 

Cornice Poles, Drapery Curtains, &c. 

Furniture Repaired and Var- 

All kinds of Job Work connected with 
Furniture and Upholstery done at short 
notice and in the best manner. 




Any book learned in one reading* 

Mind -viandering cured. 

Speaking witliout notes. 

Wholly unlike ArfiUcial Systems. 

Piracy condemned by Supreme Court. 

Great inducements to correspondence 


Prospectus, with opinions of Dr. "William 
A. Hsnimond, the world-famed Specialist in 
Mind Diseases, Daniel Greenleaf Tl.omp- 
son, the gnat Psychologist, J. M. Buckley, 
D. D., editor of the Christian Advocate, Rich- 
ard Proctor, the Scicntiet, Hons. Judge 
Gibson, Judali P. Benjamin, and others, 
sent post free hy 

Prof. A. Loisette, 

237 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



Head-quarters for 

Toilet Soaps, Perfumery, 
Razors, Strops, 


Combs, Tooth, Nail, and Hair 

Brushes, Fruit and 

Pure Candy. 






E:N"VE:TL.Or'ES. Of evfery description 
(all sizes and colors), Liuen, Rag, and Manila. 

WRITIIVO- T»j%.X»EIlS. Royal Irish 
liinen, Marcus Ward & Co.'s, Crane's Linen, 
Charter Oak, Huron Mills, and many other pop- 
ular makes. 

JPAl»ETEPiIEJS. A most complete 
line of the choicest grades. 


Writing Papers by the Pound. 


ARTim' MiTfiRlAIig 

of every description, suited for all branches of 

Art Work. 
Architects' Supplies, 

Engineers', Draughtmen's, 

and Surveyors' Instruments, 
Drawing Papers, 

Tracing Cloths, Tracing Papers, 

T-Squares, Angles, 
Cross-Section Papers, etc. 

S.©vy»s Slue Fffceess Fa-pess. 

Q'ost 9 f\dam% 


37 Cornhill, BOSTON. 

Catalogues free on application. For prices 
and other information apply to G F. SPAR- 
HAWK, Conant Hall, 2 and 5, Hanover, N. H. 

Vm. R. Wood Zl Go., 

Engraved IriYitations and Visiting Bards Executed at Short Notice. 

Menus, Class-Day Invitations, Portraits, Crests, Initial and Monogram Stamping 


Lavender Sl Eddy. 

ion ^oage, 

\©hite f^vep eJaiDstioR. 


If You Desire Fashionable Writing Paper and Envelopes 

at reasonable prices, ask your 
stationer (or "Boston Liii- 
en," *'Boston Bond," or 
»« Blinker Hill l.inen." 

These papers have gained a 
reputation in nearly every 
state ai d territory in the 
Union on account of their 
excellent quality and reason- 
able price. 

If your stationer does not 
keep them, send us 3 ttoo-cent 
stamps for our cmhptete sam- 
ples of paper, representing 
over 250 varieties which we 
sell by the pound. 


XT jAlIt JbiLCi f 

We also make a specialty 
of Wedding and Visiting 
Cards, Stamping Mono- 
grams, Street Addresses, &c. 
Samples upon application. 
I'ostage on paper is only 16 
cents per pound, express 
and freight often cheaper. 

Samuel Ward Co. 


Wholesale and Retail 
Paper Merchants, Stationers, 

Engravers, and Printers, 

178 to 184 Devonshire St., 

Boston, Mass. 

Sole Proprietors of the "BOSTON" TYPE-WEITER PAPERS and ENVELOPES. 

Prepared according to the directions of Prof. E. N. HORSFORD. 

Dyspepsia, Nervousness, Exliaustion, Headache, Tired Brain, 

And All Diseases arising from Indigestion and Nerve Exhaustion. 

This is not a compounded "patent medicine," but a preparation of the phosphates and phos- 
phoric acid in the form required by the system. It aids digestion without injury, and is a bene- 
ficial food and tonic for the brain and nerves. It makes a delicious drink with water and sugar 
only, and agrees with such stimulants as are necessary to take. Descriptive pamphlet free. 


Beware of substitutes and imitations. Be sure the word "HORSFORD'S" is printed on ;the 
label. All others are spurious. Never sold in bulk. 


has been selected as 

Clk^^ 'Pl\oto^i'kf>l\e]', 

and will commence about November ist to make the 
sittings for Class V of traits. 

Special rates for students and residents will be 
given to those who choose to avail themselves of the 
opportunity which he will offer. 


Orders for Vastels, Crayons, and Water Coloi 
Enlargements given special attention. 


yj %M} jGL^ ^j book STOCKS IN THE STATE. 

e^T* JLs. ^¥^Tr'/niiTWr'C*^'13»X3r Pnpcr by the Pound. Sold by weight, 16 oz. 
J^," Jai, Xj .lii Ul^ Jl!H!> jS^j X^C, JLj to the pound. Do not pay hiprli pricps. Buyofua. 
^^ "^ " ' '"^ Rates from 30c. per pound up. We call es- 

pecial attention to our Beacon Hill and Marcus Ward's Royal Irish Linen for polite correspondence. 

J^ 'd) ^li^^ '^•*® Finest Line of ETCHINGS, including Remark and Artists' Proofs, in 
JHJt^ .X^i JL, tJie city. Engravings, Photographs, etc. Agents for the Soule Unmounted 

~" Photographs. 


rd of Trade Building, 


Str:Ki' & wii<^o>f, ""■"•'—■■■• 



^uir)ir)cp C)0r)(2fs^ ©/iufurr)r) Mieloelies^ \Sir)f 
/ir)lr)err)s, C>ppir)q occpols^ 

5); /;&^ thousand and hundred thousand are found on 

the shelves of our great music stofe. 
Glee Clubs, Choirs, and Musical Societies supplied. 

ilivcr git^on ^ go., 


rlnPAIdTI n^A r^TnyD in Ancient and Modem 




144 Tremont Street. 



COLLEGE ALBUMS Manufactured to Order. 

As a guaranty of our reliability, we wish to announce that we have 
manufactured for the following colleges and universities : 

Amherst college, 6 classes in succession. 
Brown Univ., 7 

Bowdoin college, 7 
Bates college, 5 
Colby Univ., 7 
Dartmouth col., 7 

'Samples and instruct 

Mass. State col., 7 classes in succession. 
Tufts college, 8 " 

Trinity college, 5 " " 

Wesleyan Univ., 9 " " 

WilHams col., 9 " " 

and several others, 
on furnished free of charge, or personal attention given. 

J. G. ROBERTS & CO., 17 Province street, Boston. 

L. M. PiNKHAM, F. J. Barnard, Proprietors. 



.500 Rooms. 

W. lotmson. . W . \ Q^O Q O Co. Geo. G. Mann. 


B<^ar \x) mipd 

THAT Tlie Republican Press Association, Concord, N. II., is the largest Book 
and Job Printing concern in the state. 




Ready-Made or Made to Order 

I9 all tl^e j^(^u;(^5t ai^d /T\ost Stylisf^ Fabrics, 

©OP. \59a§feii?gtorp ar^d (^aHpnpep (BU., 
BOSTOIST, ixr_^ss. 

* llmsipalior)s ? * 


Ornamental (Designs, Etc., 

tither by Plioto-engraving or Photogravure. 

Our Work. May ba Seen in the 
Bsst Publications of the Day. 



Largest Stock in New England 



j(g)p<2[Tfir)q % |r)sfr'urr)er)fs, 


ladmortli, Howland & Co.'s, 

82 and 84 Washington St. and 46 Friend St., 


e/Jrlisis' (ar)(a Tfetir)fcrs ©uppJics 

of every description. 

Special Terms to Students. Send for Catalogue. 

Factories : 
161 Portland et., Boston. 
South Clinton tt., Chicago. 
i:outh raris, Maine. 




r2EW giLIJ)IO 

Chase Block, is North Main St., Concord, N. H., 

Is probably one of the finest Galleries in the country. Built expressly for him, 

up one flight, it contains all the improvements that twenty-five 

years of experiment and study can suggest. 

OBeratinHoom witti two norlti IMs. Two Dressini-roois. 

Work-rooms supplied with hot and cold water (a great'advantage in the Printing Dep't.) 

— ■ J Entire establishment heated by steam and hot water. ^ ■ ■ 


Mr. Kimball gives his personal attention to all patrons. Students are cordially invited 
to call when in the city. 

Heliotype PrintiRg fo. 

211 Tremout St., BOSTON, MASS. 

Illustrations produced by the most 
approved Photo-mechanical, Photo- 
lithographic, and Photo-engraving 


DONALD RAMSAY, Treasurer. 




Orders may be left with 
sent by mail to me at 

While Eiver Junction, Vt. 

Students' Trade Solicited. 


e. UJ. OJOODUJaRD & W., 

Woodward Building. GBNGSRI^. |^. H- 

i^^Qijc/^i^iy 1)^ }^/^)^ol/EI^. . 




fe<0rr)plefe * ^a:fisT(2i:cfi0r) * (sru0:p<zrr)f eed . 

Waltei( G. Bi(ooi(^ 2^ Co., 

Jailorj apd (^lotl^ii^rj, 

6 Union St., - - ■ Boston. 

f\ \^ti\\ Z\y)(^ of all [\}(^ £(^ad\\)q \io\je\t\(^s Qopstaptly 09 J^apd. 

^i^^A ^ork at gowc6t prices. 

Ptyle and git guaranteed. 


lit Cut 1.1 


Cigarette Smokers who are willing to pay a lit- 
tle more than the price charged for the ordinary trade 
Cigarettes, will find THIS BRAND superior to all 


are made from the brii^htest, most delicately flavored, 
and highest cost Gold Leaf grown in Virginia. This 
is the Old and Original Brand of Straight Cut Cigar- 
ettes, and was brought out by us in the year 1875. 

Bewark of Imitations, and observe that the 
firm name as below is on every package. 

AliLiEX & GINTER. Manufacturers, 
Richmond, Virginia. 


\mA% I Bath-Jouje 

Rear of Carter's Block. 


Laundry Work of every Kind 

done in a Satisfactory 




^ii tS}t 3mproi?<^mmte of 



E, (P. STO(k(RS, Proprietor. 

(Successor to Hanover f'aper Company 
and N A. McClary.) 

A Full Line of Stationery, 

Fountain, Stylographio, 

and Gold Pens. 


Emerson Block 




Magazines, (Periodicals, 
Town and Family Libraries, 

Rebound in a neat and durable manner at 

Opposite Crowley Club. 




NeW [Hampshire Publislpipg |nousei 

WH@liESSLE apd RETAIL S7S710I!^ER, G@NG@R0, N. H- 

The reputation we have attained, of selling the Best Goods at the Lowest 

Prices, is not mere newspaper talk, but honest fact, which our 

steadily increasing trade proves beyond a question. 

©ave rQar)ey by Jaoyirjq -7®^i^ J^aal^s, €)l<2rfi0r)zi»Y, J^leir)^ J^eo^s, 

nr)^el<z»pes, [f<zr)s, Ir)^, |fzr)cils, eic, 0J B<zrsfrr)<ztr). 





^Ai^nTEr^ Br^oinHPir^s^ 


Fruit, Nuts,- Cigars, Etc. 



New Rooms Newly Furnished. 



Henry W". Sanborn, 


IR.A B. /ILLEfl, 




Good Teams at ModoratG 


Ki^ery Sbable. 


Good and Reliable Teams at 

Short Notice and Lowest 




Hanover, N. H., 

Rear F. W. Davison s Store. 



Dame, Stoddard & Kendall, 


» PqcM KiiiVES, TaDlG DutlBry, ScissDis, # 

' epii/K TENNIS, PiSl^iNQ T/^^KLE^ 



Dame, Stoddard & Kendall, 


e:Z4 "Xx/asHingtorx St., IBOSTOKT. 


Special ^tteatiom Q£\r@m t@ Mail @ird@rs 9.mM. Imq^uirles. 


fl ParQBtiEGfS, 






3 0112 105725854 





Where you are always sure of being able to procure any books 

wanted^ at 


% / 

and can always see displayed on shelves and counters the finest selected stock of 
new and choice old books, in cloth, and elegant bindings, is at 

tl)e^*CDllr %m\\\' Bookstore, Baaton. 

11®=^ Curious, rare, and out-of-the-way "Books, pur- 
chased from private libraries, and selected 
by our LONDON c/lGENT. 

at prices which are lower than the same class of work can 

be obtained elsewhere. 

D^^Our "OLD BOOK LIST," No. i of the series 
of 1889, has just been issued, and contains some spe- 
cial bargains in choice old books. SENT FREE by 
mail to any address. 



EsTEs & Lauriat, 

301-305 Washington Street, opp. "Old South," •